What is Company Registration ?
Private Limited Company, the most popular legal structure for businesses, should be chosen by anyone looking to build a scalable business. It is one of the most popular legal structure option for businesses in India. A Private limited company has a minimum of two members and a maximum of fifty members. A director of a private limited company has limited liability to creditors. In case of a default, banks / creditors can sell only company’s assets but not the personal assets of a directors. A Private limited company is considered one of the most popular corporate entity amongst the small, medium and the large businesses in India due to its various advantages.
Start-ups and growing businesses choose to register a company in India because it allows outside funding to be raised easily, limits the liabilities of its shareholders and enables them to offer employee stock options to attract top talent. As these entities must hold board meetings and file annual returns with the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA), they tend also to be viewed with more credibility than a Limited Liability Partnership (LLP), One Person Company (OPC), or General Partnership. At VakilSearch, we are continuously available to help you understand how to register a private limited company. Company Registration in India can be done through VakilSearch in all major cities including Hyderabad, Mumbai, and New Delhi, Chennai, Kolkata & all other Indian cities.
6 Essential Facts on Company Registration
What if I am a single founder ?
A private limited company is an entity with two directors and two shareholders at the minimum. If you are a single shareholder, you can also bring in your mother, father or any other relative to be part of the limited company with just one single share.
Why do start-ups prefer private limited companies ?
Simple. Start-ups set-up private limited companies so that they can raise venture capital funding and offer their best employees stock options. Without funding and stock options, it's almost impossible to build and scale a large business. Banks and other lenders would also much rather lend to private limited companies, as compared to sole proprietors.
What is the procedure to register one ?
Initially, we help you get a digital signature certificate (also known as DSC), which is nothing but an e-signature to help you complete the new company registration online. It usually takes two days to get the DSC from the time you submit the documents. Next, we apply for the Director Identification Number (also called a DIN). This typically takes one day. The third phase involves selection of a name for your company. Now, do remember that your company name need not be your brand name. For example, Naukri.com has been incorporated as InfoEdge Technologies. Once done, we will prepare the Memorandum and Articles of Association and apply for the Certificate of Incorporation.
How many shareholders can there be in a private limited company ?
A private limited company must have at least two directors and shareholders, and can have a maximum of 15 directors and 50 shareholders.
How much do you need to invest ?
Good news. You don't need to invest any money upfront. Most entrepreneurs do bring computers and other necessities at the very beginning. These can be the assets of the company. Private limited companies in India do not need to have any paid-up capital (that is, they do not need to introduce any money into the company).
What regulatory requirements are placed on private limited company ?
As private limited companies are not traded publicly, regulatory requirements placed on them are fewer than on public companies. For example, they need not disclose their books of accounts. Because of this advantage, they need only worry about the long term rather than face the music from their shareholders in case their results in a particular quarter are poor.
Advantages of a Private Limited Company
Businesses often need to borrow money. In structures such as General Partnership, partners are personally liable for all the debt raised. So if it cannot be repaid by the business, the partners would have to sell their personal possessions to do so. In a private limited company, only the amount invested in starting the business would be lost; the directors' personal property would be safe.
Separate Legal Entity
A Private Limited Company is legal entity and juristic person established under the Companies Act. Therefore, a company has a large range of legal capacities including that of opening of a bank account, hiring employees, taking on the equity or obtaining the licenses and more as an independent corporate entity. A member (Shareholders/Directors) of a company has no personal liability to the creditors of a company for company's debts.
Private limited companies easily accommodate equity funding as there is a clear distinction between shareholders and directors as well as limited liability. In fact, venture capitalists and private equity funds are unlikely to invest in any other structure. This is because LLPs would require them to become partners in the business, while an OPC can have only one shareholder. This feature also gives you the ability to hire top talent you may not be able to afford by merely paying a salary.
Easy Debt Access
A private limited company has more options for taking on debt than LLPs. Not only are bank loans easy to obtain (relative to OPCs and LLPs), the option of issuing debentures and convertible debentures are always available to it.
A Private Limited Company can raise the equity funds in India. The Companies can also issue equity shares, preference shares, debentures and accept the deposits with RBI permission. The Banks and Financial Institutions prefer to provide the funding to a company rather than the partnership firms or proprietary concerns.
A Private Limited Company has 'perpetual succession', that means, it has an uninterrupted existence until it is legally dissolved. As a company is a separate legal person, it is unaffected by death or other the departure of any member and it continues to be in existence irrespective of the changes in ownership.
The ownership of a business can be very easily transferred in a company by transferring the shares. The signing, transfer and filing of share transfer form and the share certificates is adequate to transfer the ownership of a company. In a private limited company, the consent of other shareholders may be required to effect share transfers.
A Private Limited Company being an artificial person, can obtain, enjoy, own and alienate, property in its name. Property owned by a company may be building, machinery, intangible assets, land, residential property, factory, etc., No shareholder can stake a claim upon the property of the company - as long as the company is the going concern.
Company Registration Process
5 WORKING DAYS
One director must apply for the Digital Signature Certificate (DSC), which is necessary to file the company registration documents. For this, you will only need to provide a few scanned documents and details; our representatives will fill the form and submit it online.
7 WORKING DAYS
As soon as we apply for the DSC, we will ask you to pick a name for your company, and send us some scanned documents regarding it and its directors. These will be used to file SPICe i.e. INC-32 and the Memorandum of Association (MoA) and Articles of Association (AoA). The Certificate of Incorporation will be approved at the end of this process.
2 WORKING DAYS
Every company needs a registered Permanent Account Number (PAN) and Tax Account Number (TAN). We will make the application online ourselves, but you will need to courier hard copies of the required documents yourself. The PAN and TAN will be couriered to your registered office address in 21 working days.